The use of natural resources has more than tripled since 1970, and continues to grow.
The use of natural resources has more than tripled since 1970, and continues to grow.
Through a combination of resource efficiency, climate mitigation, carbon removal, and biodiversity protection policies, this report finds that it is feasible and possible to grow economies, increase well-being and remain within planetary boundaries.
Stefan Bringezu is Director at the Centre of Environmental Systems Research at Kassel University. He is pioneer of material flow analysis and a founding member of the International Society for Industrial Ecology.
Bing Zhu is Professor and Director of Institute for Circular Economy at Tsinghua University. He is an expert in circular economy assessment, techno-economic analysis and industrial park green development.
Bruno Oberle is Professor of Green Economy and Resource Governance at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne. He was Secretary of State for Environment, helping to set up the Global Environmental Facility and the Green Climate Fund.
Porfirio Álvarez-Torres is a fisheries scientist expert in aquaculture, aquatic invasive species, living marine resources, fisheries science, marine policy, ocean observing systems and ecosystem-based management of marine ecosystems.
Janez Potočnik is co-chair of the IRP. He has held many important positions and has extensive experience in the realm of environment, economics and European Affairs. In September 2013 he received the United Nation's Champions of the Earth Award.
Seiji Hasjimoto’s research interests include assessment methodologies and system design for sustainable resource and waste management, from extraction of resources to disposal. He is a Professor at Ritsumeikan University, Japan.
Reid Liset is a Research Scholar and Resident Fellow in Industrial Ecology at Yale University, Associate Director of the Industrial Environmental Management Program, and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Industrial Ecology.
Stephen Fletcher is a marine scientist with extensive experience in coastal and marine science policy. He currently heads the Marine Programme of UN Environment’s World Conservation Monitoring Centre, and has published over 85 peer-reviewed papers.
Heinz Schandl is senior principal scientist at Australia’s CSIRO, where his research includes measuring and modelling sustainability to explore the links between public policy and social theory and metabolism as a path to SCP and green economy.
Izabella Teixeira is a expert in environmental management, impact assessment and licensing. As Environment Minister, she led Brazil’s negotiations of the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015. She was named a Champion of the Earth in 2013.
Maarten Hajer is distinguished professor of Urban Futures at Utrecht University, and a former Director-General of the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. He has published widely on environmental politics and urban planning.
Ashok Khosla has served on the boards of numerous global environmental organizations, including the Club of Rome, the International Institute for Sustainable Development and the World Conservation Union. He is a former co-chair of the IRP.
Eeva Primmer is research director and professor in environmental policy at the Finnish Environment Institute. Her research interest is in the governance of nature, ecosystem services and natural resources.
Edgar Hertwich lectures and researches life-cycle assessment, sustainable production and consumption, trade and environment, and risk analysis. He has co-authored more than 50 peer-reviewed journal articles, and has led multiple IRP reports.
Elias Ayuk is the Director of the UN University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa. He has published widely on the social, economic and policy dimensions of natural resource management, on poverty analysis and institutional capacity building.
Nabil Nasr is Director of Golisano Institute for Sustainability at Rochester Institute of Technology. His fields of expertise are sustainable production, remanufacturing, cleaner production, and sustainable product development.
Marina Fisher-Kowalski is Professor and former Director of the Institute for Social Ecology in Vienna, vice-president of the European Society of Ecological Economics, and president and founder of the International Society for Industrial Ecology.
Serge Salat is an architect, urban planner and expert in spatial planning, urban energy planning, urban policy and finance. He advises international organizations, development banks, governments and has published extensively in the field.
Saleem Ali's research interests are in the causes and consequences of environmental conflicts in the mineral sector. He teaches environmental planning. conflict resolution and industrial ecology, and is a member of the Governance Working Group.
Mark Swilling is Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Development at Stellenbosch University. He has vast experience in policy analysis, has published widely, and has coordinated large projects. He holds the Aspen Institute Faculty Pioneer award.
Yonglong Lu is Chair and Research Professor at the Regional Ecological Risk Assessment and Environmental Management Group at Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He has published 150 papers and 15 books.
Anthony Chiu is an expert in sustainable development, specializing in industrial engineering, cleaner production, sustainable consumption, eco-industrial development, and emergency response systems in industry.
Trained as a biologist, Ester van der Voet has vast experience as a lecturer, researcher and editor in the field of Industrial Ecology. Among other posts, she is senior researcher in many EU-projects and has contributed to multiple IRP reports.
Jeff Herrick works at the US Department of Agriculture and has adjunct appointments at New Mexico State University and the University of Colorado. He is expert in resistance and resilience in arid and semi-arid ecosystems and in land management.
Patrice Christmann is Deputy-Director of the Corporate Strategy Division of the Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières. His expertise includes mineral raw materials economics, sustainable governance, and sustainable natural resource management.
Antonio M.A Pedro is a geologist expert on mineral extraction and sustainable development. He spearheaded the work of the International Study Group on Africa’s Mineral Regimes and the Africa Mining Vision, adopted by the African Union in 2009.
Stephen Hatfield-Dodds is the Executive Director of ABARES, and was the lead author of Australian National Outlook report (2015). He has worked for more than two decades across sustainability research, public policy, and business strategy.
Hans Bruyninckx is the Executive Director of the European Environment Agency. He is expert in European and international environmental policy, the effects of globalization on the governance of environmental issues and sustainable development.
Helga Weisz is an industrial ecologist. She is Full Professor of Industrial Ecology and Climate Change at Humboldt University Berlin and Affiliated Professor at the Institute of Social Ecology of of Alpen-Adria University in Vienna
Tanya Abrahamse is Chief Executive Officer of the South African Biodiversity Institute. She has wide management and leadership experience in environmental and developmental policies and processes, and holds the 2005 African Tourism Achiever Award.
Keisuke Nansai is Head of the International Material Cycles Section, Centre for Material Cycles and Waste Management Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan. His expertise includes environmental input-output analysis.
Erinç Yeldan is Acting Dean of the Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences at Bilkent University. His recent work focuses on development macroeconomics and economics of climate change, with emphasis on the Turkish economy.
Anu Ramaswami is an expert on urban infrastructure whose work has formed the basis for sustainable cities in the US and internationally. Her research includes integrating science and technology with policy and planning for real-world implementation.
Paul Ekins is Professor of Resources and Environmental Policy, Director of the Institute for Sustainable Resources, and Director of Research at the School of Sustainable Resources and Energy at University College London. He has a PHD in economics.
Gete Zeleke is a global leader in natural resource management and rural development and adjunct professor at Addis Ababa University. He is expert in soil erosion modelling, hydrology, soil and water management, and land evaluation.
Michael Obersteiner is Director of the Ecosystems Services and Management Program at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria. He has worked for national and international organizations, writing over 100 scientific papers.
S. Vijay Kumar has directed India’s National Wastelands Development Programme and the National Rural Roads Development Agency. He was also Permanent Secretary of the Ministries of Rural Development and Mines. He is now Distinguished Fellow at TERI.
Anders Wijkman is co-president of the Club of Rome, chairman of the Swedish Association of Recycling Industries, senior advisor to the Stockholm Environment Institute. He is co-author of Bankrupting Nature (2012).
Stefanie Hellweg is professor of ecological systems design at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, where she is working on modelling, evaluating and improving the environmental impact of products, technologies and consumption patterns.
World Circular Economy Forum 2019
25th meeting of the International Resource Panel
World Circular Economy Forum 2018
22nd meeting of the International Resource Panel
Science-Policy-Business Forum: IRP special session
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IRP investigates the world’s most critical resource issues with a view to developing practical solutions for government policymakers, industry and society.
The Panel’s goal is to steer us away from overconsumption, waste and ecological harm to a more prosperous and sustainable future.
The International Resource Panel was launched by UN Environment in 2007 to build and share the knowledge needed to improve our use of resources worldwide.
The Panel consists of eminent scientists, highly skilled in resource management issues from both developed and developing regions, civil society, industrial and international organisations. Their reports distil the latest scientific, technical and socio-economic findings around global resource use.